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What is the Forecast for College Cost Increases?

A college education is expensive. All those benefits of personal growth, expanded horizons, and increased lifetime earning power come at a price, a price that increases every year. According to the College Board's annual Trends in College Pricing Report, for the 2019-2020 academic year, the average cost of attendance at a four-year public college for in-state students is $26,590, the average cost of attendance at a four-year public college for out-of-state students is $42,970, and the average cost of attendance at a four-year private college is $53,980. Many private colleges cost substantially more. The total cost of attendance includes direct billed costs for tuition, fees, room, and board, plus a sum for books, personal expenses, and transportation.

For decades, college costs have outpaced annual inflation, and this trend is expected to continue. Annual college cost increases in the range of 3% to 5% would be a reasonable projection based on historical averages.

The following table shows what college costs might be in 5 or 10 years based on current costs and a 5% annual college inflation rate.

Year

Public (in-state)

Public (in-state)

Private

2019-2020

$26,590

$26,590

$53,980

2020-2021

$27,920

$27,920

$56,679

2021-2022

$29,315

$29,315

$59,513

2022-2023

$30,781

$30,781

$62,489

2023-2024

$32,320

$32,320

$65,613

2024-2025

$33,936

$33,936

$68,894

2025-2026

$35,633

$35,633

$72,338

2026-2027

$37,415

$37,415

$75,955

2027-2028

$39,286

$39,286

$79,753

2028-2029

$41,250

$41,250

$83,741

2029/2030

$43,313

$43,313

$87,928

 

What Expenses Are Included in the Cost of College?

In the academic world, the cost of college is generally referred to as the cost of attendance (COA). Each college has its own COA.

The COA consists of five items:

  • Tuition and fees: These expenses are generally the same for all students.
  • Books and supplies: These expenses can vary depending on the courses selected.
  • Room and board: These expenses can vary depending on where the student lives (e.g., dorm, off-campus apartment, at home) and the meal plan chosen.
  • Transportation: This expense can vary depending on how far the student lives from the college. It can involve daily commuting expenses, three round-trip flights home a year, or anything in between.
  • Personal expenses: This category varies greatly among students. It can include telephone bills, health insurance, late-night pizzas, personal spending money, or even day-care bills.

Twice per year, the federal government recalculates the COA for each college and then adjusts the figures for inflation. The government then uses the COA figures to determine your child's particular financial need come financial aid time.

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Why You Should Start Saving Early

Next to buying a home, a college education is the largest expenditure most parents will ever make (and perhaps the biggest expenditure when more than one child is in the family picture). Faced with such a daunting task, you might be inclined to ignore the problem and wait until you are more financially settled before you start saving. But that would be a mistake.

The key to sanity in the area of education planning is advance planning. The earlier in the process you become informed about the potential costs and your saving options, the greater chance you will start saving. And the more money you save now, the less money you or your child will need to borrow later.

It is important to begin saving as early as possible so you can earn interest, dividends, and/or capital gains on as much money as possible. With a long-term savings strategy, you can hopefully keep ahead of college inflation.

Regular investments add up over time. By investing even a small amount of money on a regular basis, you have the potential to accumulate a significant amount in your child's college fund. The following table illustrates how your monthly investment can grow over time (assuming an approximate 6 percent after-tax return rate):

Monthly investment

5 years

10 years

15 years

$100

$6, 977

$16,388

$29,082

$300

$20,931

$49,164

$87,246

$500

$34,885

$81,940

$145,409

Note: The above example is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent the return of any investment. There is no guarantee that your investment will realize a return and there is a risk that you will lose your investment entirely.

How Much Do You Need to Save?

How much you need to save obviously depends on the estimated cost of college at the time your child is ready to attend. Often, these numbers are staggering. For many parents, the question of how much they should save becomes how much they can afford to save.

To determine how much you can afford to save for your child's college each month, you will need to prepare a budget and examine your monthly income and expenses. Don't be discouraged if you can save only a minimal amount at first. The key is to start saving early and consistently, and to add to it whenever you can from raises, bonuses, or unexpected gifts.

After you determine how much you can save each month, you will need to choose one or more college saving options. There are many possibilities for college savings — 529 plans, Coverdell education savings accounts, custodial accounts, bank accounts, and mutual funds. To help make your nest egg grow, you will want to maximize the after-tax return on your savings while minimizing risk.

Finally, keep in mind that most parents are not able to save 100 percent of their child's college education (after all, do you know anybody who purchased a home entirely with his or her own savings?). Instead, parents generally supplement their savings at college time with a combination of personal loans, financial aid (student loans, grants, scholarships, and work-study), and tax credits to cover college costs.

 

 

This material was prepared by Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of The Retirement Group or FSC Financial Corp. This information should not be construed as investment advice. Neither the named Representatives nor Broker/Dealer gives tax or legal advice. All information is believed to be from reliable sources; however, we make no representation as to its completeness or accuracy. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If other expert assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional. Please consult your Financial Advisor for further information or call 800-900-5867.

 

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The Retirement Group is a Registered Investment Advisor not affiliated with FSC Securities and may be reached at www.theretirementgroup.com.


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