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Traditional Individual Retirement Accounts (IRA), which were created in 1974, are owned by roughly 33.2 million U.S. households. And Roth IRAs, created as part of the Taxpayer Relief Act in 1997, are owned by nearly 22.5 million households.1

Both are IRAs. And yet, each is quite different.

Up to certain limits, traditional IRAs allow individuals to make tax-deductible contributions into the account. Distributions from traditional IRAs are taxed as ordinary income, and if taken before age 59½, may be subject to a 10% federal income tax penalty.2

For individuals covered by a retirement plan at work, the deduction for a traditional IRA in 2019 is phased out for incomes between $103,000 and $123,000 for married couples filing jointly, and between $64,000 and $74,000 for single filers.3

Also within certain limits, individuals can make contributions to a Roth IRA with after-tax dollars. To qualify for a tax-free and penalty-free withdrawal of earnings, Roth IRA distributions must meet a five-year holding requirement and occur after age 59½.4

Like a traditional IRA, contributions to a Roth IRA are limited based on income. For 2019, contributions to a Roth IRA are phased out between $193,000 and $203,000 for married couples filing jointly and between $122,000 and $137,000 for single filers.3

Retirekit CTA

In addition to contribution and distribution rules, there are limits on how much can be contributed each year to either IRA. In fact, these limits apply to any combination of IRAs; that is, workers cannot put more than $6,000 per year into their Roth and traditional IRAs combined. So, if a worker contributed $3,500 in a given year into a traditional IRA, contributions to a Roth IRA would be limited to $2,500 in that same year.5

Individuals who reach age 50 or older by the end of the tax year can qualify for “catch-up” contributions. The combined limit for these is $7,000.5

Both traditional and Roth IRAs can play a part in your retirement plans. And once you’ve figured out which will work better for you, only one task remains: open an account.

Features of Traditional and Roth IRAs

  Traditional IRA Roth IRA
Tax-deductible contributions Yes * No
Tax-deferred growth Yes Yes
Tax-free withdrawals No Yes **
Income limit for 2019 contributions Deduction phases out for adjusted gross incomes between $103,000 and $123,000 (married filing jointly) or between $64,000 and $74,000 (single filer)3 Eligibility phases out for adjusted gross incomes between $193,000 and $203,000 (married filing jointly) or between $122,000 and $137,000 (single filer)3
Distributions required at age 70½ Yes No

Source: Forbes, 2019

* Up to certain limits

** To qualify, Roth IRA distributions must meet a five-year holding requirement and occur after age 59½.

1. Investment Company Institute, 2019
2. Under the SECURE Act, in most circumstances, once you reach age 72, you must begin taking required minimum distributions from a Traditional Individual Retirement Account (IRA). You may continue to contribute to a Traditional IRA past age 70½ under the SECURE Act as long as you meet the earned-income requirement.
3. Forbes, 2018
4. Bankrate, 2019
5. Internal Revenue Service, 2019. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 eliminated the ability to "undo" a Roth conversion.

 

 

This material was prepared by Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of The Retirement Group or FSC Financial Corp. This information should not be construed as investment advice. Neither the named Representatives nor Broker/Dealer gives tax or legal advice. All information is believed to be from reliable sources; however, we make no representation as to its completeness or accuracy. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If other expert assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional. Please consult your Financial Advisor for further information or call 800-900-5867.

 

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TRG Retirement Guide

Tags: Financial Planning, Lump Sum, Pension, Retirement Planning