Financial markets reacted turbulently to the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) on March 10, 2023, followed two days later by the failure of Signature Bank of New York. With $209 billion in assets and $175 billion in deposits, SVB was the nation's 16th largest bank and the second largest to fail in U.S. history.
This news was alarming to savers who worried their own bank accounts could be at risk and investors who feared a wider financial crisis. To help restore confidence in the U.S. financial system, the federal government pledged to make all depositors whole and to support other banks that might face liquidity issues stemming from the rapid rise in interest rates.
These events have drawn new attention to how banks operate and the risks they take to earn money on customer deposits, as well as the government's role in regulating and supervising bank activities.
Unable to meet withdrawal requests triggered by depositor panic, Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) was placed into receivership by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) on March 10, 2023. SVB represents the second-largest bank collapse in U.S. history.
1 Two days later, the FDIC announced the closure of a second bank — Signature Bank — and that all depositors of both banks would be paid back in full. (The FDIC more recently announced that New York Community Bancorp's Flagstar Bank would take on nearly all of the former Signature Bank's deposits.)
With the media focused on these and other related stories, you might be concerned about your own deposit accounts. The good news is that most individuals don't need to worry. Here's why.